Ten Tips For Shooting Night HDR in the City
Article by Chris Smith
Photographers usually get into HDR photography because they love to edit images. But before you get them to your computer, you need to properly capture your exposures. And that is especially true when you’re shooting HDR images at night. Here are ten tips for shooting night HDR images in the city.
1. Shoot enough brackets
HDR works well with night photography because the dynamic range of your scene can be extremely large. But shooting a set of automatic brackets may not give you all of the range that you need. I like to shoot my brackets in manual. Use live view or your histogram to be sure that your darkest exposure has detail in the highlights and your brightest image has detail in the shadows.
2. Focus manually using live view
When there is very little light in a scene, your camera’s autofocus will struggle. I rarely use the viewfinder or autofocus at night. I use live view to compose, focus, and set exposure.
3. Shoot in RAW
White balance makes a huge difference in the feel of your final image. Shoot in RAW so that you can change it later.
4. Use a tripod and a cable release or 2-second delay
For any type of night photography you need to be using a quality tripod and a cable release. I don’t like things hanging off of my camera so I use the 2-second delay.
5. Buy the right lens
When choosing a lens for night photography, sharpness should be a priority. For night photography, how the lens handles flare may be just as important. Lens flare is one of the most difficult things to try to remove from an image.
6. Don’t use a filter
When shooting in the city at night, you will inevitably have streetlights in or near your frame. If you have a filter on your lens, that light can bounce around between your filter and lens and leave ghost images on your image. Leave your filters off to avoid this.
7. Use a lens hood
Lens hoods are meant to block light entering your lens from the edges of your frame. You might think that at night you wouldn’t need one. But when you have a bright light just out of your frame, it will cause flare as bad as the sun during the day.
8. Clean your lens
Dust on your front element will scatter the light that hits it onto your sensor. This leads to what looks like falling snow in your image. Clean your front element before shooting at night.
Ghosts, flares, and snow may not completely ruin your image, but the HDR process will magnify these flaws.
9. Avoid streetlights
Avoid streetlights in the foreground. Even using HDR techniques, there will be no way to see any detail in that area of your picture.
10. Find the ideal ISO for your camera.
High ISO’s and long exposures both lead to noise. You need to find the best compromise of these two settings for your camera. At ISO 100, your exposures will suffer from long exposure noise. Shoot around ISO 400 to keep the shooting time and long exposure noise under control.
How many of these things do you do already? If you do all ten, I promise that your night HDR images will improve.